The metallic constitution of the coin is complicated : a pure copper core invest with layers of metallurgically bonded out layers of manganese brass ( 77 % copper, 12 % zinc, 7 % manganese, and 4 % nickel ). It weighs 8.1 grams and has a diameter of 26.5 millimeter .
This coin was rotatory in that it replaced the fail Susan B. Anthony dollar that was rejected by the american public. The United States Mint had high hopes for the coin given the recent success in Canada with the establish of their one-dollar coin nicknamed “ The Loonie. ” however, Canada stopped producing newspaper dollar bills, which forced the canadian public to use the newfangled one-dollar mint .
however, the american people, given a choice, calm prefer newspaper one-dollar bills over a one-dollar mint. besides, Canada introduced a little two-dollar coin that made making change evening easier. For this cause, the Sacagawea one-dollar coin has never circulated widely in the United States. The Sacajawea dollar was followed by the native american english Dollar and then the presidential dollar. There are millions, if not billions, stored in warehouses that are not being used for day by day commerce .
Was Her Name Really Sacagawea?
We do n’t know what name Sacagawea was given at parturition by her native american english Shoshone mother. She was kidnapped by marauding Hidatsa warriors at the old age of 10 or 11, and given the name Sacagawea. Sold into bondage a few years late, she was purchased by Toussaint Charbonneau, a french fur trapper, to be his “ wife. ” Charbonneau had at least one other new, enslaved “ wife ” acquired at the same time he bought Sacagawea .
Pregnant at 14 and a Mother at 15
When Lewis and Clark were preparing for their historic excursion to the West coast of North America, they hired Charbonneau as a guide on the condition that he brought his Shoshone-born “ wife ” with him. Lewis and Clark expected to need to have to trade with native Americans along the journey, specially for horses, and Sacagawea spoke respective native languages. She was primarily expected to be a interpreter on the trip. At the time the excursion departed, she was 15 years old and six months meaning .
Did Sacagawea Really Carry Her Baby Face Forward?
Sacagawea gave birth to her son, Jean-Baptiste, in a fortify near the Hidatsa-Mandan villages in North Dakota, where the dispatch wintered over. They departed again soon after, and Sacagawea carried her baby son sling on her back, native american english style .
People have debated the fact that that Sacagawea is carrying her baby face-forward on her back, as depicted on the Golden Dollar. A traditional Shoshone woman would carry her baby rear-facing. The U.S. Mint has previously admitted this word picture was selected for artistic reasons .
Statue of Sacajawea in Washington Park, Portland, viewed from the west.
The Only Woman on the Expedition
Sacagawea was the only womanhood among the permanent 33 party members who completed the dispatch. Her chores included laundry and mend, foraging for roots and berries, and even healing. Her cognition of roots and plants enabled white men to eat many of the autochthonal north american root-based foods for the first time. Sacagawea besides showed the white men how to treat injuries and illnesses using herb and other natural means. This skill may have helped the mission to be equally successful as it was .
Sacagawea Defends the Expedition Against Attack!
William Clark, in the journals he kept during the expedition, credited Sacagawea ‘s bearing with preventing the hostile actions of the native people they encountered. Because native Americans could n’t evening imagine the notion of a war party traveling with a charwoman and a pamper, they automatically assumed that the excursion came in peace. It is about certain that her bearing prevented many attacks and probable saved respective lives .
The Chief’s Sister
Among the many nations that the expedition encountered on its long travel, the identical first Shoshone nation it met happened to be that of Sacagawea ‘s childhood ! Her buddy was immediately the leader, and Sacagawea ‘s authoritative character on this trip was once again reinforced when the emotional reunion with her brother paved the way to friendly trade and good relations with the Shoshone peoples .
Sacagawea to the Rescue!
yet another one of Sacagawea ‘s remarkable acts was to save the maps, journals, and early records of the first year of the excursion. A sudden gust capsized the boat in which she was crossing a river, but Sacagawea kept her presence of mind and managed to bring the satchels containing these significant records to safety. According to Clark, had she not acted as she had, the loss would have been fantastic .
An Equal Vote in an Important Decision
It is a mark of the high esteem in which Lewis and Clark held Sacagawea, that she was given a full moon, adequate vote in the decision of where to winter over once the excursion had reached Oregon. In a time and set when women ‘s voices were rarely heard, and if they were, it was through their husbands, Sacagawea had a full, peer vote in this important decisiveness .
Sacagawea Finally Sees the Great Waters
While in Oregon, parole came that a whale had washed ashore a few miles away. A party was to be sent to render the carcase for meat and petroleum. Sacagawea begged to go along, so she could ultimately fulfill a seldom-realized dream of her people : to see the Great Waters ( of the ocean. ) Sacagawea was granted her regard .
once the dispatch returned back home, Sacagawea ‘s conserve was paid $ 500.33 and 320 acres of farming in central for his services. Sacagawea got paid nothing. She gave parturition to a second child, a daughter, about 6 years late, but Sacagawea died of a fever soon after at the long time of 25. William Clark felt such a debt of gratitude to this noteworthy woman that after her death he adopted her children .
Sacagawea was considered by William Clark to have been thus implemental to the Lewis & Clark Expedition ‘s success that he late claimed that there was no possible reward sufficient to repay her services .
Edited by : James Bucki