In the mid-19th century, «Reisebilder», Heinrich Heine PDF folklorist, Joseph Jacobs, wrote: « A curious experiment illustrates this importance of the nostril toward making the Jewish expression. An illustration of Psalm 52, « The fool says in his heart, ‘There is no God,' » a detail from the Psalter and Hours of Bonne of Luxembourg, circa 1340, in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
Traite de l’œuvre de Heine qui est au programme du CAPES et de l’agrégation d’allemand (session 1999) Rassemble des études consacrées aux principaux aspects des Tableaux de voyage: diversité et unité des sept récits, principes de composition, fonction de la description de la nature, procédés satiriques… « Copyright Electre »
One of the earliest examples of a Jewish nose caricature. Art historian Sarah Lipton traces the association of a hooked nose with Jews to the 13th century. Prior to that time, representations of Jews in art and iconography showed no specific facial features. While the hooked nose became associated with Jews in the 13th century, the Jewish nose stereotype only became firmly established in the European imagination several centuries later. The hooked nose became a key feature in antisemitic Nazi propaganda.
One can most easily tell a Jew by his nose, » wrote Nazi propagandist Julius Streicher in a children’s story. The Jewish nose is bent at its point. It looks like the number six. We call it the ‘Jewish six.
Many Gentiles also have bent noses. But their noses bend upwards, not downwards. Such a nose is a hook nose or an eagle nose. According to writer Naomi Zeveloff, « in prewar Berlin, where the modern nose job was first developed, Jews sought the procedure to hide their ethnic identity. The inventor of rhinoplasty, Jacques Joseph, had « a large Jewish clientele seeking nose jobs that would allow them to pass as gentiles in Berlin », wrote Zeveloff.
Jewish Kabbalistic texts consider a large nose as a sign of character. Kabbalistic Rabbi Aharon Leib Biska wrote in 1888 that Jews have « the eagle’s nose ». A nose that is curved down with a small hump in the middle attests to a character that seeks to discover the secrets of wisdom, who shall govern fairly, be merciful by nature, joyful, wise and insightful. Among those seeking surgery to make their noses smaller were many American Jewish film actresses of the 1920s to 1950s. Changing one’s name is to Jewish males what fixing one’s nose is to Jewish females, a way of passing, » writes film historian Patricia Erens.