Mohamed V, le Sultan PDF

Sultan Mohammed V of Morocco visiting Lawrence Livermore Lab, United States, in 1957. Sultan again upon his return from exile in 1955, and as King from 1957 to 1961. On 20 August mohamed V, le Sultan PDF, the French who were occupying Morocco at the time forced Mohammed V and his family into exile on Corsica. His uncle, Mohammed Ben Aarafa, was placed on the throne.


Sidi Mohamed ben Youssef, dit Mohamed V une fois le titre de roi instauré en remplacement de celui de sultan, né le 10 août 1909 à Fès et mort le 26 février 1961 à Rabat, a été sultan (1927-1957), puis roi (1957-1961) du Maroc après l indépendance en 1956.
Il a soutenu à partir de 1944 le principal mouvement indépendantiste marocain, et s est opposé à la poursuite de la domination française. En conséquence, les autorités françaises, dans le cadre du protectorat français au Maroc en vigueur depuis 1912, l ont destitué le 20 août 1953, et contraint à l exil (successivement en Corse puis à Madagascar) jusqu au 16 novembre 1955. Mohamed V demeure pour beaucoup le « père de la nation marocaine moderne ». Il signe en mai 1956 un traité d amitié avec la France qui maintient des forces armées au Maroc jusqu en 1963.
Sur le plan de la politique intérieure, il autorise la création de syndicats mais les troubles et les grèves le conduisent à prendre les pleins pouvoirs dans la dernière année de son règne.
Sur le plan diplomatique, il soutient la décolonisation et l émergence du Tiers-Monde en aidant le FLN algérien pendant la guerre d Algérie puis en soutenant Patrice Lumumba et le Mouvement national congolais lors de l indépendance du Congo belge en 1960.
Il meurt le 26 février 1961 des suites d une banale intervention chirurgicale. Son fils lui succéde huit jours plus tard sous le nom d Hassan II.
Guillaume Jobin, qui vit à Rabat depuis plusieurs années et dirige là-bas l École supérieure de journalisme, rend hommage à cette figure essentielle de la vie politique et sociale du Maroc.

Mohammed V and his family were then transferred to Madagascar in January 1954. There are competing accounts of exactly what Mohammed V did or did not do for the Moroccan Jewish community » during the Holocaust. However, « though a subject of debate, most scholars stress the benevolence of Mohammed V toward the Jews » during the Vichy era. Nevertheless, Mohammed is highly esteemed by Moroccan Jews who credit him for protecting their community from the Nazi and Vichy French government, and Mohammed V has been honored by Jewish organizations for his role in protecting his Jewish subjects during the Holocaust. Mohammed V with his family in Madagascar, 1954.

Mohammed V was one of the sons of Sultan Yusef, who was enthroned by the French in September 1912 and his wife Lalla Yaqut, who was of Turkish origin. His first wife was Lalla Hanila bint Mamoun. She was the mother of his first daughter Lalla Fatima Zohra. She was the daughter of Moulay Mohammed Tahar bin Hassan, son of Hassan I of Morocco. She married Mohammed V in 1929 and died in Rabat on 1 March 1992.

His third wife was Lalla Bahia bint Antar, mother of his last daughter Lalla Amina. He died on 26 February 1961 following complications of a surgery he had undergone. The Mohammed V International Airport and Stade Mohamed V of Casablanca are named after him, as well as numerous universities and various public spaces across Morocco. In December 2007, The Jewish Daily Forward reported on a secret diplomatic initiative by the Moroccan government to have Mohammed V admitted to the Righteous Among the Nations. KIVUNIM Convocation Honoring the Memory of King Mohammed V of Morocco ».

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