The main square of the Venetian Ghetto. The Venetian Ghetto was the area of Venice le premier ghetto ou l’exemplarité vénitienne PDF which Jews were compelled to live by the government of the Venetian Republic. The English word « ghetto » is derived from the Jewish ghetto in Venice.
In 1797 the French army of Italy, commanded by the 28-year-old General Napoleon Bonaparte, conquered Venice, dissolved the Venetian republic, and ended the ghetto’s separation from the city. In the 19th century, the ghetto was renamed the Contrada dell’unione. The Oxford University Press etymologist Anatoly Liberman suggested in 2009 that all four theories are speculative, but the first is by far the likeliest to be true. Though it was home to a large number of Jews, the population living in the Venetian Ghetto never assimilated to form a distinct, « Venetian Jewish » ethnicity. Languages historically spoken in the confines of the Ghetto include Venetian, Italian, Judeo-Spanish, French, and German.
A Lubavitch Yeshivah in the former Ghetto of Venice. Today, the Ghetto is still a center of Jewish life in the city. The Jewish Community of Venice, that counts about 450 people, is still culturally very active, although only a few members live in the Ghetto. Every year, there is an international conference on Hebrew Studies, with particular reference to the history and culture of the Veneto.
Other conferences, exhibitions and seminars are held throughout the course of the year. The temples not only serve as places of worship but also provide lessons on the sacred texts and the Talmud for both children and adults, along with courses in Modern Hebrew, while other social facilities include a kindergarten, an old people’s home, the kosher guest house Giardino dei Melograni, the kosher restaurant Hostaria del Ghetto, and a bakery. In the Ghetto area there is also a yeshiva, several Judaica shops, and a Chabad synagogue run by Chabad of Venice. Chabad of Venice also runs a pastry shop and a restaurant named « Gam Gam » in the Ghetto. Sabbath meals are served at the restaurant’s outdoor tables along the Cannaregio Canal with views of the Guglie Bridge near the Grand Canal.
Notable residents of the Ghetto have included Leon of Modena, whose family originated in France, as well as his disciple Sara Copia Sullam. Geraldine Brooks’ 2008 novel People of the Book which traces the history of the Sarajevo Haggadah has a chapter with action taking place in 1609 in the Venetian Ghetto. Mr Norrell features a scene in the Ghetto. Rainer Maria Rilke: Eine Szene aus dem Ghetto. Insel, Leipzig 1931, Argon, Berlin 2006.
The trilogy by Israel Zangwill: Kinder des Ghetto. Daniel Silva: A Death in Vienna. The Virtual Jewish World: Venice, Italy ». Why Don’t We Know the Origin of the Word Ghetto? 500 Years of Jewish Life in Venice ». The Centuries-Old History of Venice’s Jewish Ghetto ».
Venice’s Jewish ghetto is turning 500. Is it finally time to celebrate? In Venice, a Jewish disconnect between locals and visitors ». Rick Steves’ Venice, Rick Steves, Avalon Travel, 2007, p.