Jump to navigation Jump to search Not to be confused with Heroine. Heroin, also known as diamorphine among other names, is an opioid most commonly used as a recreational drug for black Coke: Le syndrome colombien PDF euphoric effects. Treatment of heroin addiction often includes behavioral therapy and medications. Heroin was first made by C.
Dans les profondeurs de la jungle colombienne, un cartel de la drogue brutal et conquérant a modifié génétiquement de la cocaïne pour la rendre dix fois plus puissante et addictive que toute autre drogue. Ils l’ont appelée :
Nathan Kershner est un agent de la Serious Organised Crime Agency britannique et un ancien des Forces Spéciales. Travaillant souvent comme agent infiltré, il a abattu à lui seul certains des criminels les plus recherchés au monde.
Mais quand il affronte le cartel de la drogue et tente d’endiguer le flot de Black Coke qui déferle sur l’Europe et les USA, il se trouve confronté à la mission la plus difficile qu’il ait jamais reçue.
Dans cette mission qui le mène des crack-houses du nord de Londres aux labos clandestins du sud de la Colombie, Nathan va pénétrer dans les zones les plus obscures de la guerre contre la drogue, où règnent l’avidité, la traîtrise et la violence.
Face à un cartel de la drogue qui accroît son pouvoir de jour en jour, Nathan doit décider jusqu’où il prêt à aller pour éviter le désastre.
AVERTISSEMENT : CE ROMAN CONTIENT DES SCÈNES DE VIOLENCE QUI PEUVENT PERTURBER CERTAINS LECTEURS.
Alder Wright in 1874 from morphine, a natural product of the opium poppy. The original trade name of heroin is typically used in non-medical settings. It is used as a recreational drug for the euphoria it induces. Anthropologist Michael Agar once described heroin as « the perfect whatever drug. Short-term addiction studies by the same researchers demonstrated that tolerance developed at a similar rate to both heroin and morphine. In the United States, heroin is not accepted as medically useful.
Diamorphine continues to be widely used in palliative care in the UK, where it is commonly given by the subcutaneous route, often via a syringe driver, if patients cannot easily swallow morphine solution. A number of European countries prescribe heroin for treatment of heroin addiction. The UK Department of Health’s Rolleston Committee Report in 1926 established the British approach to diamorphine prescription to users, which was maintained for the next 40 years: dealers were prosecuted, but doctors could prescribe diamorphine to users when withdrawing. In 1994, Switzerland began a trial diamorphine maintenance program for users that had failed multiple withdrawal programs. The aim of this program was to maintain the health of the user by avoiding medical problems stemming from the illicit use of diamorphine. The first trial in 1994 involved 340 users, although enrollment was later expanded to 1000, based on the apparent success of the program.
Since January 2009, Denmark has prescribed diamorphine to a few addicts that have tried methadone and subutex without success. Beginning in February 2010, addicts in Copenhagen and Odense became eligible to receive free diamorphine. However, Danish addicts would only be able to inject heroin according to the policy set by Danish National Board of Health. The onset of heroin’s effects depends upon the route of administration. Ingestion does not produce a rush as forerunner to the high experienced with the use of heroin, which is most pronounced with intravenous use.
While the onset of the rush induced by injection can occur in as little as a few seconds, the oral route of administration requires approximately half an hour before the high sets in. Large doses of heroin can cause fatal respiratory depression, and the drug has been used for suicide or as a murder weapon. The serial killer Harold Shipman used diamorphine on his victims, and the subsequent Shipman Inquiry led to a tightening of the regulations surrounding the storage, prescribing and destruction of controlled drugs in the UK. Because significant tolerance to respiratory depression develops quickly with continued use and is lost just as quickly during withdrawal, it is often difficult to determine whether a heroin lethal overdose was accidental, suicide or homicide. Chronic use of heroin and other opioids has been shown to be a potential cause of hyponatremia, resultant because of excess vasopressin secretion.