In September 1939 an Internment Camp for enemy civilians was created within the buildings of the Sturmabteilung camp at the rally grounds. Within a couple of months, the civilians altengrabow Stalag XI-A PDF moved out and prisoners from the invasion of Poland arrived. Stalag XIII-A, Stalag XIII-B and Stalag XIII-C. In June 1941 the massive influx of Soviet prisoners from Operation Barbarossa began.
In August 1943 the camp was severely damaged during an Allied air-raid. 23 wooden huts were burnt down. After the war, former SS military personnel were held in Stalag XIII-D. Stalag 13 gained fame as the main setting of the CBS sitcom Hogan’s Heroes, which ran from 1965 to 1971. Toxic Terror: Assessing Terrorist use of Chemical and Biological Weapons. A brief history of Nuremberg POW camps ».
Dulag ou Durchgangslager : camp de transit. Jlag ou Internierungslager : camp d’internement pour civils. Marlag ou Marine-Lager : administré par la Marine et destinés aux marins, au nombre de 6. Milag ou Marine-Internierten-Lager : administré par la Marine et destinés aux marins des marines marchandes. Stalag I-A Stablack en allemand, anciennement Eylau, aujourd’hui Bagrationovsk, Russie. Stalag I-B Hohenstein en allemand, Olsztynek en polonais, Pologne.
Oflag II-B Arnswalde en allemand, Choszczno en polonais, Pologne. Oflag II-C Woldenberg en allemand, Dobiegniew en polonais, Pologne. Oflag II-D Gross Born en allemand, Borne Sulinowo en polonais, Pologne. Stalag II H Rederitz en allemand, Nadarzyce en polonais, Pologne. Stalag Luft II Litzmannstadt en allemand, Łódź en polonais, Pologne. Stalag Luft III Sagan en allemand, Żagań en polonais, Pologne. Stalag IV-C Wistritz bei Teplitz, Tchécoslovaquie.
Oflag 53 Heydekrug en allemand, Šilutė en lituanien, Lituanie. Oflag 56 Prostken en allemand, Prostki en polonais, Pologne. Oflag 64 Alt-Burgund en allemand à l’époque, Schubin en allemand aujourd’hui, Szubin en polonais, Pologne. Oflag 64 Wahlstatt en allemand, Legnica en polonais, Pologne. Z Schokken en allemand, Skoki en polonais, Pologne.
Oflag 65 Schaulen en allemand, Šiauliai en lituanien, Lituanie. Oflag VC Wurzach Informations sur le camp et noms des prisonniers. Stalag IIB Informations sur le camp. Rechercher les pages comportant ce texte. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 3 janvier 2019 à 18:08. POWs at Stalag 11B at Fallingbostel in Germany welcome their liberators, 16 April 1945.
In September 1939 the huts were fenced in and designated Stalag XI-B. Lacking huts the Russian prisoners initially lived in dugouts. Another 10,000 Soviet officers were accommodated in XI-B. In late 1943 a large number of Italian POW arrived at XI-B. They were poorly treated and suffered the most deaths in the camp, second only to the Russians. 25,277 Russian, and 79,928 of other nationalities, mostly in Arbeitskommando.
In September 1944 Stalag 357 was moved from Thorn in Poland to the site of the former XI-D, with construction being carried out by the Italian POW from XI-B. This new camp was used to house mostly British and Commonwealth POWs. In early April 1945 Sergeant Pilot James ‘Dixie’ Deans RAF, the camp leader of 357, was informed by the Commandant Oberst Hermann Ostmann that 12,000 British POW were being evacuated from the camp in the face of the Allied advance. Meanwhile, the camps at Fallingbostel had been liberated on 16 April 1945 by British troops from B Squadron 11th Hussars and the Reconnaissance Troop of the 8th Hussars. Post-war Stalag XI-B was used by the British as an Internment Camp for members of the Nazi Party. It then served as an accommodation centre for German refugees and displaced persons. Stalag IX-B was the administrative centre for POW work details in the region.
At its peak there were about 80,000 POW working in 1,500 Arbeitskommando in agriculture and industry. Although prohibited under the Third Geneva Convention, POW from Stalag IX-B also worked in munitions factories. In total around 30,000 Soviet POWs died in Stalag XI-B and XI-D. Another 734 POW from the United States, Belgium, Britain, France, Italy, Yugoslavia, South Africa, Canada, Holland, Poland and Slovakia died in XI-B and 357. POW Memorial Gates were unveiled, dedicated to the POW of 13 nations who were imprisoned in Stalag XI-B, XI-D and 357 from 1939-1945. Camp chronicles: Stalag XI-B, XI-D, 321 and 357″. A short history of the Fallingbostel POW camps ».