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Romanian-born German language poet and translator. His first home album d’illustrations collection jean walter paul guillaume PDF in the Wassilkogasse in Cernăuți. Celan’s mother, Fritzi, was an avid reader of German literature who insisted German be the language of the house.


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Great Prince Mihai Preparatory School, now Chernivtsi School No. At this time Celan secretly began to write poetry. In 1938 Celan traveled to Tours, France, to study medicine. The Anschluss precluded his study in Vienna, and Romanian schools were harder to get into due to the newly imposed Jewish quota.

Following the Soviet occupation of Bukovina in June 1940 deportations to Siberia started. On arrival in Cernăuți July 1941 the German SS Einsatzkommando and their Romanian allies set the city’s Great Synagogue on fire. The local mayor strove to mitigate the harsh circumstances, until the governor of Bukovina had the Jews rounded up and deported, starting on a Saturday night in June 1942. Celan hoped to convince his parents to leave the country so as to escape certain persecution.

Celan remained imprisoned in a work-camp until February 1944, when the Red Army’s advance forced the Romanians to abandon the camps, whereupon he returned to Cernăuţi shortly before the Soviets returned. There, he worked briefly as a nurse in the mental hospital. Friends from this period recall Celan expressing immense guilt over his separation from his parents, whom he had tried to convince to go into hiding prior to the deportations, shortly before their deaths. Considering emigration to Palestine, Celan left Cernăuţi in 1945 for Bucharest, where he remained until 1947. He was active in the Jewish literary community as both a translator of Russian literature into Romanian, and as a poet, publishing his work under a variety of pseudonyms. On the emergence of the communist regime in Romania, Celan fled Romania for Vienna, Austria. It was there that he befriended Ingeborg Bachmann, who had just completed a dissertation on Martin Heidegger.

In 1952, Celan’s writing began to gain recognition when he read his poetry on his first reading trip to Germany where he was invited to read at the semiannual meetings of Group 47. In November 1951, he met the graphic artist Gisèle de Lestrange, in Paris. Celan became a French citizen in 1955 and lived in Paris. Celan’s sense of persecution increased after the widow of a friend, the French-German poet Yvan Goll, unjustly accused him of having plagiarised her husband’s work. Celan committed suicide by drowning in the Seine river in Paris, around April 20, 1970. Celan’s poetry and his use of language.

Only one thing remained reachable, close and secure amid all losses: language. In spite of everything, it remained secure against loss. But it had to go through its own lack of answers, through terrifying silence, through the thousand darknesses of murderous speech. It gave me no words for what was happening, but went through it. Went through and could resurface, ‘enriched’ by it all. Celan also said: « There is nothing in the world for which a poet will give up writing, not even when he is a Jew and the language of his poems is German.

In later years his poetry became progressively more cryptic, fractured and monosyllabic, bearing comparison to the music of Anton Webern. Romanian, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Russian, Hebrew, and English into German. Celan’s poetry has been translated into English, with many of the volumes being bilingual. The most comprehensive collections are from John Felstiner, Pierre Joris, and Michael Hamburger, who revised his translations of Celan over a period of two decades. Recently Ian Fairley released his English translations.

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